The Temporomandibular Joint (TMJ) disease affects as many as 10 million Americans. Women are more likely to experience jaw problems than men.
Quite a few of these would be impossible without the jaw. It facilitates eating, improves articulation, controls breathing, and balances the features of the face.
However, some people’s jaw injuries severely limit their capability to carry out these activities. Thankfully, orthognathic surgery can correct the problem.
For what reason is orthognathic surgery performed? When it comes to correcting jaw misalignment, how exactly does orthognathic surgery function? When considering orthognathic surgery, knowing what to anticipate before and after the procedure is essential.
This article will answer if you’re considering orthognathic surgery and have questions.
Orthognathic Surgery: What Is It?
The medical term for corrective jaw surgery is “orthognathic surgery.” performed to repair misalignments of the jawbone. To enhance both function and beauty, it realigns the jaws and teeth.
If non-surgical treatments for facial deformities, such as braces, have failed, jaw surgery may be an option.
Surgery can correct dental and skeletal anomalies, allowing patients to eat, chew, and talk more normally. Another benefit of the operation is improving the patient’s physical appearance. Orthognathic surgery is performed to correct faulty jaw alignment and restore normal jaw function.
If you meet the following criteria, orthognathic surgery may be necessary:
Bite that’s wide open
Discordant facial features
Birth malformations and injuries to the face
a diminishing jawline or chin
TMJ pain/headaches/difficulty chewing/biting/swallowing
the jaw that sticks out
Sleep apnea or other forms of chronic mouth breathing
If you are considering jaw surgery, a professional orthodontist will evaluate your candidacy. Depending on the extent of your jaw issues, it may take several orthodontic procedures and surgical procedures to correct them.
Orthognathic Surgery Preparation Tips
Your dentist or oral surgeon will employ diagnostic tools like X-rays, CT scans, and dental models to prepare for your oral surgery.
Braces are often started 12-18 months before surgery. The straight teeth you get with the braces will make the process easier.
For the preceding several months and weeks of your surgery, you must prioritize your health. Maintain a healthy physical activity routine, adequate rest, and fluid intake. Keep up a way of cleaning and flossing your teeth.
The quicker your body can recover from surgery, the better your overall health is.
Your orthognathic surgery will go well if you follow your surgeon’s orders. Benefits to your health include better swallowing, speaking, sleeping, and chewing. Teeth function, face symmetry, and confidence will all improve as a result.
Orthodontic Corrective Jaw Surgery: Before and After
Based on your present and historical health, your oral surgeon will select the most appropriate method of orthognathic surgery.
Rare but possible complications from jaw surgery include:
Virus Infection Nerve Damage
Diminished blood volume
Damage to the jaw
Experiencing Partial Jaw Loss
Face and jaw ache
Changes in Jaw Position
If an oral surgeon with the appropriate training and experience performs your orthognathic surgery, you should have nothing to worry about.
When Undergoing Surgical Procedure
There is usually a three- to four-day hospital stay required for patients who have undergone orthognathic surgery. Patients will receive a reminder call 48 hours prior to their scheduled hospital admission.
When undergoing surgery, patients are put to sleep under general anesthesia to ensure they feel no discomfort.
This treatment is done orally, in the mouth. That includes the jaw and chin, where there shouldn’t be any scarring along the exterior structures. Doctors may need to make discreet cuts around the mouth, although the discoloration usually disappears over time.
The procedure begins with the oral surgeon creating incisions along the jawbone so the jaw may be set into the correct place. The jawbones are held in place by tiny bone plates, screws, wires, and rubber bands.
A patient’s jaw may be augment using bones taken from the thigh, pelvis, or rib cage. In other cases, the surgeon reshapes the patient’s bone to ensure a tight fit.
A typical surgical procedure can last between two and three hours, although that time frame can increase with the degree of difficulty.
Following Orthognathic Jaw Surgery
In what ways will your bite be altered through orthognathic surgery?
In the days following your treatment, you must adhere to specific recommendations.
Orthognathic surgery requires a six-week recovery period. After surgery, most physicians advise taking two weeks off from regular activities. If you break your jaw, you may need up to three months to fully recover.
Postoperative symptoms like bleeding, nausea, and edema can occur right after surgery. In a few hours, they should have died down.
Symptoms often include swelling. For the first two to three weeks following the treatment, your face will be puffy, numb, and bruised. The worst swelling occurs on day three, although it goes away after two or three weeks.
Your oral surgeon will provide dietary recommendations, pain medication, and other post-hospital care instructions to assist you in regaining your footing as soon as possible.
Patients must refrain from using tobacco products for two weeks and engaging in intense activities. For the initial week, you should stick to a liquid diet and gradually introduce solid foods as your mouth recovers.
Your surgeon will also guide you on maintaining good oral hygiene in the days after surgery. Warm salt water rinsing the mouth daily twice or thrice can help surgical wounds heal faster. The majority of people need oral therapy to regain normal function.
Your orthodontist or oral surgeon will do the braces fitting appointment two weeks after surgery. Brackets help to keep the teeth and jaw in their new position. These braces won’t stay on forever. It is up to them how long you’ll need to get them to put in by your oral surgeon.
Those who want a more robust jaw might consider orthognathic surgery.
Jaw surgery takes focus, stamina, and endurance. However, the benefits justify the effort. Solid and healthy jaws, teeth, and facial tissues result from orthognathic surgery.
Do you feel prepared to meet with specialists who can give you the jaw of your dreams now that you know what to expect before and after orthognathic surgery?
Find out how your quality of life can improve with orthognathic surgery. As always, feel free to contact our skilled staff of oral and maxillofacial surgeons.